Mock a component's network requests with React Testing Library and Mirage

Use Mirage to mock out individual API endpoints directly inside your tests written with React Testing Library.

This guide is for people already using React Testing Library in their React apps.

Step 1: Install Mirage

First, make sure you've added Mirage to your project:

# Using npm
npm install --save-dev miragejs

# Using Yarn
yarn add --dev miragejs

Step 2: Create a Server within a test

Within a test file, import Server from Mirage, create a server, and mock out the API endpoints that your code needs:

// src/__tests__/App.test.js
import React from "react"
import { render, waitForElement } from "@testing-library/react"
import App from "../App"
import { Server } from "miragejs"

let server

beforeEach(() => {
  server = new Server()
})

afterEach(() => {
  server.shutdown()
})

it("shows the users from our server", async () => {
  server.get("/users", () => [
    { id: 1, name: "Luke" },
    { id: 2, name: "Leia" },
  ])

  const { getByTestId } = render(<App />)
  await waitForElement(() => getByTestId("user-1"))
  await waitForElement(() => getByTestId("user-2"))

  expect(getByTestId("user-1")).toHaveTextContent("Luke")
  expect(getByTestId("user-2")).toHaveTextContent("Leia")
})

When the <App /> component is rendered and React makes a network request to /users, Mirage will intercept and respond with the data above.

Note that we've called server.shutdown() after each test, so that Mirage has a chance to clean itself up and not leak into other tests.


To learn more about testing, read the Application Testing guide.